HIGHLIGHTS FROM HISTORY
1500's Three major Native American language families exist in what is now North Carolina: Algonquian, Iroquoian, and Siouan.
1524 Giovanni de Verrazzano explored the North Carolina coast.
1526 Spanish and Africans led by Lucas Vasquez de Avilon attempt to start a colony on the Roanoke River.
1540 Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto explored southwestern North Carolina in search of gold.
1584 Sir Walter Raleigh sends Amadas and Barlowe to explore North Carolina.
1585 English establish their first colony at Roanoke Island.
1587 Second group of colonists - The Lost Colony - arrive on Roanoke Island.
1663 King Charles II gave Carolina to the eight Lords Proprietors.
1705 Bath founded - first town in North Carolina.
1711 Tuscarora Indian War in North Carolina.
1729 North Carolina became a royal colony.
1770 Tryon Palace completed.
1774 Edenton Tea Party
1775 Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence
1776 Halifax Resolves, Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge
1781 Battle of Guilford Courthouse
1789 North Carolina becomes 12th state.
1795 Raleigh becomes state capital.
1795 First state university, the University of North Carolina, opened.
1799 Gold discovered in North Carolina - Reed Gold Mine.
1813 First Cotton Mill in North Carolina
1818 First steamboat in North Carolina
1828 Andrew Jackson became the 7th president of the United States; Dismal Swamp Canal completed.
1838 First operating live mine in the United States opened near Lexington; Cherokee Indians are forced west along the "Trail of Tears".
1840 First steam-powered locomotive completed in North Carolina; First public school opens in North Carolina.
1845 James K. Polk becomes the 11th president of the United States.
1865 Andrew Johnson becomes the 17th president of the United States.
1877 North Carolina organizes the Department of Agriculture.
1888 First furniture-making factory in High Point
1901 Governor Charles B. Aycock began campaign to improve public schools.
1903 Wright Brothers make first successful flight at Kitty Hawk.
1918 Fort Bragg established.
1921 State highway system begins.
1940 Great Smoky Mountains National Park dedicated
1943 Pembroke State College (now UNC-Pembroke) becomes nation's first public four year college for Native Americans.
1959 Research Triangle Park opened.
1960 Greensboro sit-in
1971 New state constitution went into effect.
1974 North Carolina Zoological Park opens
1987 Blue Ridge Parkway completed
1990 Interstate 40 completed
1993 Smart Start program to improve school readiness begins
1995 Carolina Panthers football team begins playing
1997 Carolina Hurricanes hockey team settles in North Carolina.
2001 More At Four pre-kindergarten program proposed by Governor Easley
2002 Elizabeth Dole becomes the first woman to represent North Carolina in the United States Senate.
2005 June Atkinson becomes the first woman to be elected State Superintendent of North Carolina Public Schools.