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African Americans have made significant contributions to the economic, political, social, and cultural development of the United States. Through this course, students discover how African Americans have always been an integral part of the American experience. However, African Americans have also been a viable force unto themselves with their own experiences, culture, and aspirations. African American history cannot be understood except in the broader context of the United States' history.

Strands: Critical Thinking Skills; Reading and Listening; Culture, Time and Change; People, Places and Environments; Individual Development and Identity; Individuals, Groups and Institutions; Social Issues; Power, Authority and Governance; Production, Distribution and Consumption; Science, Technology and Society, Global Connections; Civic Ideals and Practices

Competency Goal 1 The learner will assess the influence of geography on the economic, political, and social development of slavery in the United States.


1.01 Analyze the economic, political, and social reasons for focusing the slave trade on Africa.

1.02 Analyze the role of geography on the growth and development of slavery.

1.03 Assess the impact of the slave trade on Africa and the colonies.

1.04 Investigate the Middle Passage as one of the largest forced migrations in human history.

Competency Goal 2 The learner will develop an understanding of the justifications and ramifications of slavery between 1619 and 1860.


2.01 Analyze the economic, social, religious, and legal justifications for the establishment and continuation of slavery.

2.02 Discuss and evaluate the various ways Africans in America resisted slavery.

2.03 Analyze the role of African Americans in the development of the United States as a new nation.

2.04 Assess the role slavery played in the development of nationalism and sectionalism.

2.05 Trace the development of the abolitionist movement and its impact on slavery and the nation.

Competency Goal 3 The learner will demonstrate an understanding of African American life and cultural contributions through 1860.


3.01 Compare and contrast African American urban and rural communities in the North and the South.

3.02 Discuss and analyze the black family in antebellum America.

3.03 Trace the development of African American institutions such as religion, education, and benevolent organizations.

3.04 Identify the contributions of African Americans in science and the arts.

Competency Goal 4 The learner will analyze the roles of African Americans during the Civil War and Reconstruction.


4.01 Evaluate President Lincoln's changing position on African Americans.

4.02 Identify the roles of black soldiers, spies, and slaves to the war effort in both the North and the South.

4.03 Analyze the effects of Reconstruction on the legal, political, social, cultural, educational, and economic life of freedmen.

4.04 Analyze the successes and failures of Reconstruction.

Competency Goal 5 The learner will examine the rise of Jim Crow and its effects on the life experiences of African Americans in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.


5.01 Assess the economic impact of Jim Crow laws on African Americans.

5.02 Investigate the legal ramifications of segregation laws and court decisions on American society.

5.03 Compare and contrast the political movements that developed in response to Jim Crow laws including, but not limited to, the Niagara Movement, the NAACP, the Urban League, and the Anti-Lynching Crusade.

5.04 Compare and contrast the African American political and legal personalities of the time period and their impact on American society.

5.05 Evaluate the economic, cultural, political, and social impact of African American migration within and from the South.

5.06 Describe the impact of black regiments on the western campaigns, the Spanish American War, and World War I.

Competency Goal 6 The learner will analyze the cultural contributions made by African Americans during the Harlem Renaissance.


6.01 Assess the literary contributions made by African Americans.

6.02 Describe the contributions of African Americans to dance and music.

6.03 Identify the contributions of African Americans in the visual arts.

6.04 Evaluate the impact of the black media on American life.

6.05 Analyze the reactions of Americans to the Harlem Renaissance.

Competency Goal 7 The learner will assess the plight of African Americans during the Great Depression and World War II.


7.01 Analyze the impact of the Great Depression and the New Deal on the lives of African Americans.

7.02 Evaluate the continued quest for civil rights in America.

7.03 Describe the effects of black "pop" culture of the 1930's and 1940's.

7.04 Analyze the impact of racism in America during World War II.

7.05 Describe and evaluate the contributions of African Americans during World War II.

7.06 Explain how World War II laid the groundwork for the modern Civil Rights Movement.

Competency Goal 8 The learner will analyze the successes and failures of the Civil Rights Movement in the United States.


8.01 Explain how legal victories prior to 1954 gave impetus to the Civil Rights Movement.

8.02 Describe the impact of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas and evaluate the resistance and reaction to it.

8.03 Define various methods used to obtain civil rights.

8.04 Identify various organizations and their role in the Civil Rights Movement.

8.05 Assess the extent to which the Civil Rights Movement transformed American politics and society.

8.06 Determine the impact of the Vietnam War on the Civil Rights Movement.

Competency Goal 9 The learner will acquire an understanding of the issues confronting contemporary African Americans in the continuing struggle for equality.


9.01 Identify and analyze how the changing political environment has impacted civil rights.

9.02 Describe how African Americans have responded to political conservatism.

9.03 Compare and contrast the responses of African Americans to the economic, social, and political challenges of contemporary America.

9.04 Identify and evaluate major contemporary African American issues confronting society including, but not limited to, affirmative action, the educational achievement gap, the wealth gap, poverty, AIDS, and crime.

9.05 Analyze the impact of immigration and migration on the lives of African Americans in contemporary America.

9.06 Identify the major contributions of contemporary African Americans in business, education, the arts, politics, sports, science, technology, and society in general.


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