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Latino American Studies introduces students to the diverse history and culture of Latin American and Latino Americans, beginning with life prior to Columbus to contemporary life in the United States and North Carolina. Important issues from prehistoric societies to present-day contemporary society are discussed. Students immerse themselves in the Western Hemisphere's oldest civilizations and cultures, and also focus on Latino Americans in North Carolina.

Strands: Latin American History; Latin American Culture; United States and Latin American Relations, Sociological and Economic Impact in North Carolina; Culture, Time and Change; Social Issues, Civil Ideals and Practices; Power Authority and Governance

Competency Goal 1 The learner will examine the geographical regions and climates of Latin America.


1.01 Describe the major geographical regions and physical environments of Latin America.

1.02 Compare and contrast how physical geography impacts the political boundaries of Latin America.

1.03 Analyze the impact of natural phenomena on the inhabitants of Latin America.

1.04 Assess the impact of environmental problems on Latin America.

Competency Goal 2 The learner will explore the Pre-Columbian civilizations of Latin America and assess the impact of European colonization.


2.01 Locate and describe the early people of Latin America.

2.02 Compare and contrast the civilizations of Maya, Aztec, and Inca, and cite their major contributions.

2.03 Explain the effects of contact and conflict between pre-Columbian cultures and Europeans.

2.04 Assess the impact of colonization of Latin America by Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, and other European powers.

2.05 Assess the impact of the Atlantic slave trade on Latin America.

2.06 Analyze the economic, political, social, and cultural impact of European colonization on different cultures of Latin America.

Competency Goal 3 The learner will examine independence movements in selected countries of Latin America, and assess the political, economic, and cultural impact of post-independence in Latin America.


3.01 Trace the causes for and results of independence movements in Latin America and describe the impact of independence on colonizers and newly independent countries.

3.02 Examine selected political and revolutionary movements and leaders in Latin American and assess their continuing impact on society as well as the United States' role in these movements.

3.03 Compare and contrast the role of race, status, and identity in Latin American societies.

3.04 Explore the influence and role of religion in Latin America.

3.05 Examine the culture including, but not limited to, music, dance, art, and literature of selected societies of Latin America.

3.06 Describe the economic development of selected countries in Latin America and the impact on governments and societies.

Competency Goal 4

The learner will examine the relationship between Latin American countries and the United States.



4.01 Describe the diplomatic relationships with the United States and Latin American countries and analyze their economic impact on Latin America.

4.02 Analyze the impact of trade, industry, and United States' monetary investment in selected Latin American countries up to the present day.

4.03 Assess the growth of urbanization and industrialization and its impact on modernization of selected Latin American countries.

4.04 Examine economic development initiatives and their results in selected Latin American countries.

4.05 Analyze the causes of migration and immigration from selected countries of Latin America and assess their impact on these countries and on the United States.

Competency Goal 5

The learner will analyze contemporary issues that face Latino American in North Carolina and the rest of the United States.



5.01 Identify and describe the major socio-cultural issues of concern to Latino Americans, including cultural identity, stereotypes, and relations with citizens in the United States and North Carolina.

5.02 Identify and describe the major political issues of concern to Latino Americans in the United States and North Carolina and assess the significance of federal and state agencies on the Latino American community.

5.03 Assess the economic impact of Latino American immigrants and citizens on the United States and North Carolina.

5.04 Identify major health issues of concern to Latino Americans.

5.05 Examine how contemporary issues affect Latino Americans in North Carolina, such as education, employment, and citizenship.

5.06 Describe the traditional and contemporary cultural characteristics of Latino Americans in North Carolina and identify key community leaders.

5.07 Explore the various ways Latino Americans retain their cultural traditions in North Carolina and examine the diversity within their community.


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